Day 1 :
University of Bern, Switzerland
Time : 10:00-10:30
Klaus Ammann, Emeritus Prof. Hon. from the Bern University, Switzerland. Prof. Emeritus Hon. Bern University Switzerland. Thesis: vegetation and glacier history, summa cum laude in 1972 Bern University. Research topics: Biodiversity, Vegetation Ecology, Lichens and Mosses, Biomonitoring of Air Pollution, Plant Biotechnology: Biosafety, Gene Flow and Ecology of Transgenic Crops. Guest lecturing in Delft, Netherlands, Istanbul, Turkey, research in Jamaica, at Duke University and Missouri Botanical Garden. Member of the steering committee of www.prri.net. Scientific activities: maintaining 650 endnote reference bibliographies on plant biotechnology and biodiversity, over 320 publications under Klaus Ammann in journals, blogs, newspapers, books on biosafety research and ca. 210 slide presentations, many literature references with full text links. Editor, Co-Editor in journals from Elsevier, Springer and Landes. Member of scientific committees in Switzerland and Europe on biodiversity and biosafety. Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology, external member of the European Academy.
Gene editing is a new plant breeding method of precise elegance. It will be a unique chance to create new crops, adapted to climate change, be more productive and building new sustainable resistance against the steadily growing and adapting crop pests. It will also help to shift modern agriculture to a more ecological production, in short: it is the future of modern agriculture. Opposition against the new breeding methods is often based on fundamentalist arguments which are not really built on science. Anti-GM literature is often full of questionable statistics and fake arguments. This is a great pity, since stigmatization of the new gene editing is unfortunately built on the easy going psychology of fear of fake risks, often welcomed by a society in rich countries, where the population desperately longs for new risk fights in a clearly growing safety of personal life. It would be much better to develop a constructive attitude, which could manifest in organo-transgenic agricultural strategies, where the best sides of organic farming and modern breeding built on gene editing could be combined without the ideological and commercial hurdles.
The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, Japan
Keynote: The effect of increase of NOx and CO2 on grain and fish production, protection of global warming and climate
Time : 10:30-11:00
Shoichiro Ozaki has obtained his PhD in Nutrition and Food Science at Ehime University. He has extended his valuable service for many years and has been a recipient of many award and grants. Currently, he is working as an Emeritus Professor at Ehime University. His international experience includes various programs, contributions and participation in different countries for diverse fields of study. His research interests reflect his wide range of publications in various national and international journals. He is also the Editor-in-chief of Journal of Nutrition and Food Science.
In order, to study the reason why global warming is happening. Studies were conducted on amounts of CO2 emission, CO2 concentration NOx emission, grain production, fish production, population and CO2 fixed from 1900 to 2016. Since the industrial revolution, burning of fossil and production of CO2 and NOx increased greatly. Increased CO2 and NOx promoted the CO2 assimilation. Production of grain and fish increased. About 360 billion tone CO2 is produced by burning of fossil fuels. About 14.4 billion tone NOx is produced in 2015. Most of emitted CO2 is fixed by CO2 assimilation. But since developed country started NOx elimination and NP elimination at around 1975, half of produced NOx is eliminated. Therefore, emitted 360 billion tons CO2 is not fixed completely. Concentration of CO2 increased about 2 ppm. In 2016, 142 billion tons CO2 is remaining to give global warming. 142 billion tons of CO2 must be reduced. We must promote CO2 assimilation by complete use of emitting NOx and NP in waste water. Fossil fuel is burning out soon. We should not spend precious fossil fuel for the elimination of NOx and NP. We must increase CO2 assimilation as much as possible.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Germany
Nikolaus Stolterfoht has completed his PhD at Free University Berlin, Germany in 1970 and became a Group Leader at the Hahn-Meitner Institut Berlin where he habilitated. In the late 80’s he became full Professor at University of Caen, France. In 90’s he returned to Berlin at Helmholtz-Zentrum until becoming emeritus. He has 296 publications in reputed journals and a book with Springer. In 2017 he recived the Doctor honoris causa.
After the first observation that keV ions are guided through insulating nanocapillaries, the research topic has received increased attention during the past decade. The significant property of the capillary guiding is a self-organizing process, which controls the charge deposition inside the capillaries. With increasing deposition of the ions, the charge patch increases until the electrostatic field is sufficient to deflect the ions. At equilibrium, the ions are guided at relatively large distances from the surface so that they maintain their incident charge state. Milestones of the field are summarized in accordance with a recent review over the studies of capillary guiding. Experiments are treated emphasizing the guiding of highly charged ions in the keV energy range. Recent work with insulating nano and micro capillaries is reviewed. Apart from the experimental studies, theoretical concepts of the capillary guiding are presented. Specific emphasis is given to single conical capillaries allowing for the production of an ion beam of micron dimensions that can be applied in investigations of biological matter. Experiments are pointed out wherein the microbeam is directed on individual cells scanning their nucleus, environment and surface. Changing the ion energy, the insertion depth of the ion beam is varied so that the cell can be analyzed in three dimensions.