Berlin is the capital and the major city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states. With a progressively growing population of approximately 3.7 million, Within the terms of population, Berlin is that the Second most populated town within the global organization and therefore the seventh most occupied geographical area within the global organization. Situated in northeastern Germany on the banks of the rivers Spree and Havel, it is the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which has coarsely 6 million residents. Due to its place in the European Plain, Berlin is prejudiced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one-third of the city's area is self-possessed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakes. Berlin is an environment city of culture, politics, media and science. The metropolis is a general tourist terminus. Significant industries also comprise IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction and electronics. Berlin is home to world-renowned universities, orchestras, museums, and entertaining venues, and is host to many sporting events. Its Zoological Garden is the furthermost visited zoo in Europe. With the world's oldest important movie studio complex, Berlin is a progressively popular location for international film productions. The city is well recognized for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and a very high quality of living. Since the 2000s Berlin has perceived the emergence of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene. As per of 2014, Berlin had 878 schools, teaching 340,658 children in 13,727 classes and 56,787 trainees in businesses and elsewhere. Berlin is a continental hub for air and rail traffic and encompasses an extremely advanced public transportation network. The metropolis might be a well-liked traveler destination. Important industries additionally embrace IT, pharmaceuticals, medical specialty engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction and physics. Parks, lakes and forests comprise around one third of Berlin’s total space. Berlin has a greater bilingual school program in the Europaschule, in which children are skilled the curriculum in German and a foreign language, starting in primary school and continuing in high school. The Berlin-Brandenburg capital region is one of the most creative Centre’s of higher education and research in Germany and Europe. Historically, 40 Nobel Prize champions are affiliated with the Berlin-based universities. The city has four public research universities and more than 30 privates, professional, and technical colleges (Hochschulen), offering a wide range of disciplines. A record number of 175,651 students were registered in the winter term of 2015/16. Amongst them around 18% have an international background. The annual Berlinale fete is one in every of the highlights throughout Gregorian calendar month, that attracts celebrities and stars from round the world and therefore the options previewed here square measure typically several the most effective.
Berlin has a humid continental rendering to the Koppel climate classification system. There are important influences of mild continental climate due to its inland position, with frosts being common in winter and there being greater temperature differences between seasons than typical for numerous oceanic climates.
Summers are warm and occasionally humid with average high temperatures of 22–25 °C (72–77 °F) and lows of 12–14 °C (54–57 °F). Winters are cool with normal high temperatures of 3 °C (37 °F) and lows of −2 to 0 °C (28 to 32 °F). Spring and autumn are usually chilly to mild. Berlin's built-up area generates a microclimate, with heat stored by the city's buildings. Temperatures can be 4 °C (7 °F) sophisticated in the city than in the neighboring areas.